ChemicalConstitution of CrudeOilCrudeoilcontains organic compounds, heteroatom compounds (S,N,O), hydrocarbons (C, H), metals and organic (Ni, V, Fe) and inorganic (Na +, Ca ++, Cl -) compounds as listed in Figure 1.7.
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What is the chemical composition of crude oil?
Chemical Constitution of Crude Oil. Crude oil contains organic compounds, heteroatom compounds (S,N,O), hydrocarbons (C, H), metals and organic (Ni, V, Fe) and inorganic (Na +, Ca ++, Cl -) compounds as listed in Figure 1.7.
What is petrol or crude oil?
Petroleum or crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons and other chemicals. The composition varies widely depending on where and how the petroleum was formed. In fact, chemical analysis can be used to fingerprint the source of petroleum. However, raw petroleum or crude oil has characteristic properties and composition.
What are the hydrocarbons found in crude oil?
There are four main types of hydrocarbons found in crude oil. The hydrocarbons primarily are alkanes, cycloalkanes, and aromatic hydrocarbons. Although there is considerable variation between the ratios of organic molecules, the elemental composition of petroleum is well-defined:
Where does crude oil come from?
Written By: Crude oil, liquid petroleum that is found accumulated in various porous rock formations in Earth鈥檚 crust and is extracted for burning as fuel or for processing into chemical products. A summary treatment of crude oil follows. For full treatment, see petroleum, petroleum production, and petroleum refining.