how depression works chemically

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Neurotransmitters

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  • What is the chemical connection between depression and the brain?

  • The Chemical Connection to Depression. Mental health experts believe that depression results from changes in the levels of chemicals in the brain and the body. In the brain, the chemicals are neurotransmitters.

  • How do antidepressants work?

  • The nerve cells in our brain use various chemicals to pass on impulses. Even though not all details are known, experts believe that depression is caused by an imbalance of certain chemicals like serotonin acting to block some nerve connections. All antidepressants work in different ways to increase the availability of these chemicals.

  • What causes depression in the body?

  • Mental health experts believe that depression results from changes in the levels of chemicals in the brain and the body. In the brain, the chemicals are neurotransmitters. In the body, the chemicals are hormones.

  • What is the connection between depression and hormones?

  • Other chemicals called hormones may affect the delicate balance of chemicals in the brain. The potential relationship between depression and hormones focuses on 3 main areas: the fight-or-flight response, the thyroid hormones, and the sex hormones. Frequently activated fight-or-flight response.

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