does distilling water remove chemicals

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  • What does water distillation remove from water?

  • Water distillation removes all impurities found in water. This includes lead and similarly heavy metals, solids, dissolved salts, organic compounds, and fluoride. When the water is transformed into steam, the distiller can get rid of the chemicals and other contaminants found in the water.

  • How effective is distillation at removing contaminants?

  • A good rule of thumb is that distillation is extremely effective in removing contaminants that have a higher boiling point than water, which is the vast majority of contaminants. There are some inorganic and organic chemicals that have a lower boiling point than water, such as chlorine.

  • What happens to organic compounds in distilled water?

  • Organic compounds or metals with a high vapor pressure (e.g., mercury) will be in the vapor over boiling water and will get condensed back into the distilled water. For distilled drinking water, keep in mind even if the distillation process is scrupulous, impurities come from the container into which the water is placed.

  • Does distillation remove contaminants from glassware?

  • Sometimes the distilling process actually adds contaminants that weren’t originally present, from the glassware or metal components. Distillation is great at removing metals with a low vapor pressure and ionic solids. Distilled water typically contains less salt and metal than its source water.

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